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  1. Thanks for the heads up! Done.
  2. Isn't an HVAC / heat pump considered 27.5 years depreciation?
  3. MFS makes good sense. I know he set his business up as an S-corp and she wasn't an owner. Innocent Spouse time limits are essentially limited to collection timelines. They voided the 2 year rule several years ago. I'll probably skip telling him about MFS - not my business. Whoever turned him in has likely already done a whistle blower with the IRS.
  4. I'm not really sure how many times I need to say he's not a tax client.
  5. Oh he has an attorney and I haven't been hired. I'm just wondering.
  6. This is a first for us. He was indicted, arrested and I'm confident he will be going to federal prison (he tried to explain to me that it will "only" be 5-10 years). He paid illegal kickbacks which he took as a business deduction so once the courts declare those payments illegal, will the IRS automatically audit him? He'll owe about $8m (I'm guessing) and has assets of about $4m which is mostly in retirement accounts which will trigger another tax bill he can't pay. Even if they lowered his amount owed to $3m, he'll owe $750k+ in taxes on any audit. Other question! I've never done an innocent spouse case, would that apply to his retirement plan early withdrawals to pay his fines that are now taxable? 75% of his assets are in retirement accounts so when he is forced to withdraw it to pay his restitution, that's now taxable. Does innocent spouse get her a way to avoid it? I'm thinking that wouldn't apply and she'd be on the hook. (I think innocent spouse would avoid the audit trigger mentioned above but maybe not the retirement plan distributions?) He's barely a client so I didn't do his taxes.
  7. You can refill laser printer cartridges also. That's what everyone buys when they buy refurbished - $13 per cartridge for me because I don't want the mess. Your printer does 15ppm, my cheap laser does 30ppm. For client presentations, laser will look far more crisp than inkjet and if they set a soda on the page, it's all a big fuzzy mess that can't be read.
  8. Get laser and make sure it has generic refilled cartridges online to buy. IMO Brother is an excellent brand and can be had very cheaply. They are all very similar. If you want to go ultra fast, you'll pay for that and HP is probably the way to go. I just purchased a mobile printer / scanner for a few clients I service on-site.
  9. Completely unrelated but interesting case: https://www.propublica.org/article/lord-of-the-roths-how-tech-mogul-peter-thiel-turned-a-retirement-account-for-the-middle-class-into-a-5-billion-dollar-tax-free-piggy-bank Summary: Guy who founds Paypal (before it went public) is given stock with an ultra low cost basis as part of his salary contract. The cost basis is deemed $1,700 so he puts the shares into his Roth IRA. The company goes public shortly after that and those shares are worth well over $100m. He does this multiple times with different companies and his Roth IRA is now worth $5 Billion which he'll never pay $1 in tax on if he holds off on withdrawing. Yes it's all strictly prohibited but the IRS never audited him. You would think a $1,700 Roth value going up 9 figures in one year might draw an audit flag. First, he was a principal in the company so that's a violation. Second, he contributed stock and not cash which is prohibited. Third he valued the shares at far below market value and the IPO disclosures of the firm outline they were below market value.
  10. Client had a significant refund which we applied to next year. Client gets a letter stating part of it was taken and paid to the state for an outstanding tax bill from 2019. I know there was no tax due. Spent WAY too much time trying to figure it all out. Client gets mad that I haven't done enough. State hangs up on my 3-4x and one lady informs me they didn't pay estimated taxes we claimed (the estimated tax is paid by her IRA so we know it was paid). Check comes from the state for the amount the IRS gave them with no explanation. When I ask the state again they finally admit there was no outstanding balance and no clue why the IRS sent them the money. Rep can't explain why I was lied to repeatedly.
  11. Edit: I've had multiple trusts where the attorney wants the trust to pay the higher tax bill on capital gains simply because they recognize the beneficiaries don't save anything and can't afford to pay taxes on a large capital gains tax bill every few years. I also have a family where I do the 1040 for the beneficiaries, the attorney writes a check to the IRS for the tax amount owed and then deduct that from their income check in late February.
  12. The Trustee / fiduciary has discretion usually. With ultra low interest rates, many states have written rules that allow for the fiduciary to include capital gains in total income and have them distributed to the beneficiaries. I 100% agree with having the client contact the attorney and see if that is possible. 30 years ago, it was common for a retired person to have a portfolio of 80% bonds and 20% equities. Today it is very common to have a portfolio of 80% equities and 20% fixed income because they can't live on 1%. If you have a laddered portfolio going out 7 years, your yield would be about .51%. About 5 years ago I had an attorney instruct a trustee to talk with the beneficiaries, see if they wanted to include capital gains as income and if they ALL agreed (including the fiduciary / trustee), write a letter saying this was their new policy going forward and include it with trust documents. The key is that once you declare it, you can't decide to reverse it later. I have a trustee who refuses to do this because he knows it is counter to why the trust was generated in the first place. That trust has been operating since about 1940 and is still going and will until it hits 100 years of age. The trustee knows it was started to make sure the grantor's kids didn't blow the estate via divorce (and just blowing it). Now the great grandkids are getting checks every year.
  13. As far as I know Thervo doesn't push the remote option. I don't believe the "remote" workers are living in high end locations. They are living in low cost areas, targeting the entire country and if they can earn $45 for an hour of work they are in the top 10% of income in their county. Just looked it up , you can get a bookkeeper billing at $35 per hour and an EA doing individual returns for $100. Both are remote. $45 isn't realistic I'm guessing but $100 as your starting point is pretty darn low.
  14. I wish we had done it 6 years earlier. I was worried about cable down times but so far (knock on wood) we haven't had one.
  15. Interesting, so you are doing the remote work? How much is a normal going rate for remote work? Because I was specifically talking about the remote work. I've done Thumbtack for local clients. Thervo works the same way pretty much. You do realize I said it was a bunch of tire kickers and you said you get 1 in 15 people as clients? Is that similar to what you get when you meet with a potential client from a different source?
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